Know about Break Bulk Market and it different categories.
Approximately 90% of all goods worldwide are shipped by sea, 70% of which is container freight. This means that at some point, almost everything the end consumer buys is very likely to be on a container ship. Maritime trade volume in 2019 was 11 billion tonnes, an increase of 2.7% over the previous year. The average annual growth rate from 2019 to 2024 is estimated to be 3.4% due to global market growth.
However, not all shipments are containerized when shipped to retailers and end customers. An important part of the goods shipped are, for example, industrial raw materials, construction materials, chemicals, or crude oil. Apart from the general consumer, these bulk and break bulk markets have faced their own developing problems over the past few years.
Break Bulk Market, Bulk, Container-Freight Transport
Almost any material or product you can think of can be shipped by ship. This is the most efficient and cheap way to transport large quantities of goods from one location to another. Depending on the type of luggage, different types of vessels are ready for safe transportation, gearing and unloading.
There are two types of sea freight.
General cargo is all types of cargo that are unitized and carried in defined cargo units. This includes break bulks, which refer to packages carried in drums, bags, pallets, and boxes. Container cargo, including neon bulk such as timber and paper, and all types of cargo that can be shipped in container units. For typical bulk, transportation is primarily used on geared, RoRo, or standard vessels.
The second type of sea freight is bulk cargo. It is further divided into liquid bulks such as vegetable oils, chemicals and petroleum LNG (liquefied natural gas) and dry bulks such as coal, iron, grains and sand. The liquid bulk carrier is determined as a tank and is equipped with pumps and pipelines to transfer the load. Most vessels transporting dry bulk are equipped with grab and suction conveyors.
Various types of break bulk
An important segment of maritime transport is the break bulk market. Heavy equipment, turbines, or wind farms can be carried by break bulk carriers around the world. Break bulks are individual packages that do not fit in a container. It is unitized rather than shipped together. It covers a wide variety of cargo, including metal ingots, metal drums, grain bags, or large individual items except vehicles.
Break bulk can be divided into two types:
Project cargo includes all the cargo needed for a particular construction project, such as a port terminal. At the destination, the ship offers all kinds of goods used in the project. In this way, the entire facility can be built, especially in emerging countries.
Heavy lift ships define an upper limit on the size range of goods to be transported, such as cranes, turbines, blades, or other large machine types. Heavy lift ships need to carry this type of goods. If the break bulk is small, multipurpose vessels (MPPs) are typically used.
Changing break bulk market
Over the last 15 years, the break bulk market has changed dramatically. Breakbulk transportation is increasingly being replaced by the latest technology and development takes place in specific niches.
There are many causes of a changing market. One problem arises from declining demand from emerging economies. After increased development and demand for project cargo to be built, such as port terminals and sustainable energy sources, heavy goods transportation is no longer necessary.
Other issues in the break bulk market include new technologies that replace cargo ships with cranes that load and unload bulk cargo on standard cargo ships (such as land and floating cranes).
As a result, MPP vessels are no longer in demand for break bulk transportation.
This is because MPP vessels are expensive for shippers and are often complicated to operate because they are expected to carry different types of cargo such as steel colts, unitized cargo and yachts at the same time. It will be a big cost reduction.
Also, break bulk carriers will be replaced by RoRo ships or pure car or truck ships. Goods are loaded onto truck trailers carried by this type of ship. This is much cheaper. In essence, the outlook for the near future is a significantly declining break bulk market, which continues to shrink into a much smaller niche than the current market.